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When it comes to the fast-growing world of technology, there are many different job titles and specializations. As far as the information technology vs computer science debate goes, most people tend to confuse the two. However, each of these disciplines require a distinct set of skills and a different kind of attitude. 

Today, we’re going to break down each IT and computer science career and take a look at the differences between them.  

Here are the career reviews based on the skills and work preferences to help you see which might be the best option for you.


Career in Computer Science Review

Usually, computer scientists earn a degree in computer science, where the programs are designed to prepare students to think methodically, solve problems effectively, and typically tackle theoretical concepts.

A career in computer science involves applying the skills and knowledge you get to solve real-world problems and push computing technology boundaries. These days computer scientists are working in fields such as AI and information theory.

Computer scientists that meet the qualifications can find careers in programming, operating systems development, and software engineering. The most sought after computer science jobs include roles such as:

  • Web developer
  • Computer systems analyst
  • Systems engineer
  • Software applications developer


Computer science skills

Basic computer scientist requirements are a bachelor’s degree with a computer science major or a master’s degree in computer science. Skills expected from a computer scientist are:

  • SQL and Linux capabilities
  • Information systems analysis
  • Programming languages (C++, Python, or Java)
  • Advanced mathematical knowledge (Calculus, Algebra)
  • Basic data analysis
  • Problem-solving


Career in Information Technology Review

Those who want to start a career in information technology pursue a degree in IT or a related subject. IT programs prepare students through the practical application of mathematical and computing knowledge to solve business processes using technologies. 

The IT field is vast, so there are different positions available. Still, a career in IT involves dealing with real-world situations and problems and usually working with a team, other departments, or clients. Most IT fields are strictly practical and require staying updated with the latest technologies.

Some IT team members might start in help desk positions as an entryway to computer science careers. The most sought after information technology jobs include roles such as:

  • Software developer
  • Senior software developer
  • IT project manager
  • Business analyst


Information technology skills 

In addition to a bachelor’s degree in information technology, the essential skills required from an IT professional are:

  • Proficiency with Linux and SQL
  • Project management skills
  • Technical support skills
  • Customer service skills
  • Communication skills
  • Problem-solving and analytical skills


The Difference Between Computer Science and Information Technology

Information technology can be specialized in many different ways, but computer science graduates have opportunities available to them that IT qualified workers don’t. Computer science involves more independent work, while IT professionals frequently interact with others to help solve tech issues. 

Computer science programs are more science-heavy and theoretical; on the other hand, IT programs include practical work in business and communications. Mathematical competency is a requirement for technology fields; however, a computer scientist must have a passion and math expertise. 

Ultimately, IT careers focus on installing, maintaining, and improving computer systems and operating networks. Meanwhile, a computer science career focuses on using mathematics to program systems to run efficiently, including design and development.


So, which is better: IT or computer science?

It all depends on what kind of job you want to do. These careers entwine theoretical and practical computing applications. Overall, as a computer scientist, you get to work on computer applications while as an IT member, you get to work on troubleshooting, creating, and maintaining information systems.

If you are skilled at coding, math is your favorite subject, and you have a mind for science then computer science might be the better fit for you. Meanwhile,  if you enjoy database-related tasks and working with computers, IT might suit you more. In the end, both of these career paths offer numerous opportunities with good job stability


Suppose you’ve taken an interest in any of these career paths, Bay Atlantic University can help you start your journey through our Bachelor of Science in Information Technology degree program. For any additional information, contact us here.



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